November 25, 2017

Division Four - Standards for Drainage - Chapter VIII. Retention Basin Design

Chapter VIII. Retention Basin Design

Sec. 408-1 Design Volume

The design volume of storm water retention basins shall be based upon the runoff from the ISDD five-day storm event and a volume of nuisance water determined by the engineer. No runoff generated on site from the design storm or from nuisance flows will be allowed to leave the site unless downstream drainage disposal facilities exist to handle the flow. The retention of upstream off-site flows shall not be considered to reduce the size of the required on-site retention facilities or mitigate the runoff from the proposed development. An evaluation of the runoff volumes associated with the site in its existing condition shall not reduce the size of the required drainage facilities. The runoff volume from the ISDD five-day storm shall be calculated using the formula:

Runoff Volume = 0.12 (D10)(ai)(Area)
D10 = 10 yr 24-hr. depth of rainfall (in.)
ai = average percentage of impervious area
Area = Drainage area of total development
0.12 = 1.44 x 1/12
1.44 = 5 day mass ratio (KC Hydrology Manual, Table B-1)
1/12 = Conversion of rainfall depth in inches to feet

Sec. 408-2 Hydraulic Design

In the absence of a hydrologic volume routing analysis, the storm drain hydraulic grade line calculations shall assume that 50% of the design storm volume and 100% of the nuisance volume is in the basin when the peak flow rates occur.

Sec. 408-3 Freeboard

Freeboard shall be required for all retention basins having a design water depth exceeding 18 inches. Six (6) inches of freeboard will be required when the design ponding depth within the basin is four (4) feet or less. For basins with a design ponding depth greater than four (4) feet the amount of freeboard required shall be one (1) foot. Freeboard shall be measured from the lowest gutter inlet or top of bank, whichever is lower.

Sec. 408-4 Fencing

Retention basins shall be fenced and provided with gated access when the design ponding depth exceeds 18 inches. All retention basins, regardless of ponding depth, that are maintained by the County or an entity administered by the County shall be enclosed by a six (6) foot high masonry block wall. Exceptions may be made, subject to the Director’s approval, for certain master planned facilities intended for multi-purpose use.

408-4.01 The fence shall consist of a six (6) foot high chain link fence of 9 gage fabric with redwood slats or a six (6) foot masonry block wall or approved equal. Fence post footings shall have a minimum diameter of 12 inches and a minimum depth of 30 inches. Masonry block walls shall be designed in accordance with accepted engineering practices.

Retaining walls used for basin fencing requirements shall have their design approved by the Director. See Plates R-77 thru R-82.

408-4.02 Fence setbacks measured from the top of slope shall provide a reasonable maintenance way for the equipment outlined in the maintenance plan. The following minimum setbacks shall apply:

Design ponding depth Setback
≤ 18 inches 2 feet
> 18 inches but ≤ 4 feet 5 feet
> 4 feet 1 0 feet
> 8 feet 10 feet (or in accordance with an approved maintenance plan).

408-4.03 The basin access gate may be chain-link, wrought iron, or other as approved by the Director. The double gate is not to be attached directly to the masonry wall. The opening must be sufficient for the 14-foot double gate and anchor posts. If wrought iron is used, a metal mesh privacy screen is to be securely attached to the double gate by rivets or equivalent as approved by the Director. Wrought iron double gates will also require a commercial grade latch or equivalent that can be locked with a County padlock (3/8” shackle diameter). See Plates D-11 for specific sizing and material requirements.

Sec. 408-5 Access

An equipment access ramp to the bottom of the retention basin shall be provided when the design depth exceeds 18 inches or when the facility is intended for County maintenance. 

408-5.01 The ramp shall be a minimum of 12 feet wide with a maximum slope of 15%. The gate to the access ramp shall be 14 feet wide.

Exception - When the design ponding depth is ≤ 4 feet, the maximum slope on the ramp may be increased to 20%.

408-5.02 Ramps shall not be designed to convey drainage water into the sump.

408-5.03 The ramp alignment shall be no more than 45 degrees from the center of the access gate to facilitate maintenance equipment ingress and egress. Other proposed alignments shall have their design approved by the Director.

Sec. 408-6 Curbing and Rodent Barriers

408-6.01 In conjunction with fencing, a six (6) inch wide, eighteen (18) inch deep continuous concrete curb shall be provided around the top of the sump. The top of the curb shall be 0.5 feet above the highest adjacent grade. When the sump is fronting on a street, the top of the curbing shall be a minimum of one (1) foot above the top of the street curb. Ramped access across the curb shall be provided at all gated access points to the sump.

408-6.02 Rodent barriers will be required on the sides of the sump in proximity to open space, agricultural areas or lot one (1) acre or larger. The bottom of the rodent barrier shall be a minimum of 42 inches below finish grade.

Exception - Rodent barriers may be omitted when the design water depth is 4 feet or less.

Sec. 408-7 General Construction Requirements

408-7.01 General construction requirements for retention facilities shall be in accordance with Plates D-1, D-2, and D-3.208

408-7.02 Retention facilities shall have the design volume contained entirely in cut.

408-7.03 Slopes shall be designed no steeper than is safe and no steeper than two (2) horizontal to one (1) vertical. A slope stability analysis will be required when the design water depth exceeds eight (8) feet and side slopes are steeper than 3:1.

408-7.04 The minimum bottom dimension for retention basins with a design depth greater than four (4) feet shall be 20 feet. For design water depths 4 feet or less, the minimum bottom width shall be no less than that required for maintenance equipment specified in the maintenance plan.

408-7.05 The maintenance way shall be sloped away from the top of bank at a minimum 2%.

408-7.06 Drainage basins intended for County maintenance shall be located on a lot dedicated exclusively for drainage/recreational purposes.

Sec. 408-8 Testing

408-8.01 Retention basins shall not be permitted unless it can be demonstrated, to the satisfaction of the Director, that the basin will completely drain the design volume within seven (7) days.

408-8.02 Testing of the proposed retention basin shall be provided by a Soils Engineer and shall include, but need not be limited to, an analysis of the soils boring logs and the establishment of the drainage rates of the soils encountered. A minimum of one (1) boring shall be logged within the proposed sump location. This boring shall be advanced below the invert of the basin to a depth equivalent to at least three (3) times the design ponding depth. Testing methods used to establish soil drainage rates shall be approved by the Director.


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